Sunday, March 4, 2018

The March edition of Africology: The Journal of Pan African Studies


The March edition of Africology: The Journal of Pan African Studies ( is online (open-access, no-cost), featuring: two interviews, a book review, an electronic book focused on the African centered paradigm, an ancestral tribute profiling the late Hugh Masekela, a guest editorial, a recent lecture synopsis on the  Ongoing Impact of Negritude via links between Aimé Césaire and Black Lives Matter, four announcements (African American Digital Humanities conference,  Angela Y. Davis Papers at Harvard University, etc.), an annotated list of 20 new books relevant to Africology, and 13 articles on the politics of genocide denial in Ethiopia, demystifying social economic predicaments of public health in Nigeria, audiences perceptions of informative programs at Jimma Fana FM 98.1 in Jimma, Ethiopia, postcolonial reading of contemporary African poetry, Ubuntu-inspired approach to enhancing organizational culture in rural Kenya, an analysis of Guyana's national grade six assessment, values in Nigerian literature, a critique of a previously A:JPAS published paper focused on modern African Women versus traditional African women in relationship to the African Renaissance, religious movements and lethal violence in Nigeria, the promises and perils of attempting an African centered institution in a public school system, a Diopian analysis of the symbolisms of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, reconstructing the social sciences and humanities for the advancement of the African Renaissance, and other content that explore the African ethos.



Wednesday, January 17, 2018

FREE African American Male Summit for 7th - 12th grade young men 1/20/18

The annual event commemorates Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. through the demonstration of student leadership, community involvement, physical and mental well-being and relationship building sessions. As the inspiration for this year’s theme, event organizers cite an excerpt from a speech King delivered to an audience at a junior high school in 1967: “Be the best of whatever you are.” Organizers said “the words resonate the spirit of total well-being and leadership that we want to cultivate in young men across our school division. We want our youth to recognize the importance of total well-being as an essential component of being life ready.”
Emphasizing the theme will be keynote speaker, Honorable Judge Kevin M. Duffan, of the Virginia Beach Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court. Duffan is a graduate of Green Run High School, James Madison University and the William & Mary School of Law.
Following the keynote address, students will have the opportunity to engage in breakout sessions led by small business leaders, doctors, nutritionists, mental health professionals, college and university staff, law enforcement, Navy SEALs and more. Due to the active nature of the sessions this year, participants are asked to wear khaki pants or dark pants with a school t-shirt or school colors to represent their middle or high school.
Parents are also invited to register for the summit and participate in Parent Institute sessions.
The African American Male Summit is sponsored by the school division’s Office of Opportunity and Achievement. For more information, contact Dr. LaQuiche Parrott, director, at 757-263-1218.

Media Flyer / Press Release - PiM 2018 - 15th Anniversary Special

Greetings Family,

Here's hoping all is well for 2018 and beyond.

Kindly give us your love and support for Poetry in Motion 2018 - 15th Anniversary. Please see below for flyer & press release.

With Honour, Love & Poetree
PiM 2018 - 15th Anniversary Special
398 8616

Poetry in Motion 2018-15th Anniversary-Care&Share,Thanks   
Image may contain: 13 people, people smiling, text

Press Release

Poetry in Motion 2018 - The 15th Anniversary

Clean Intelligent Fun for the Entire Jamaican Family and Community

The ancient and abiding art of Poetry is the essence of language and the currency of the mind, thereby, nurturing our Languages, Social Fabric, Music, Art, and Culture.

It is to our fortune and honour that Jamaica's premiere annual poetry festival, Poetry in Motion, is the longest running and most successful poetry annual poetry event/festival in the colourful history of Jamaica. 

Poetry in Motion, which is affectionately called PiM, shall celebrate it's 15th anniversary on Sunday February 25th at the Manchester Golf Club in the cool, cool hills of Mandeville and we have added several layers of value to it.

The Royal Affair - 15th Anniversary Special - PiM Mandeville Weekend 

Sports and Arts - In light of it's 15th Anniversary, Poetry in Motion 2018 has developed new celebratory features: Royal Affair Dance Party, dubbed the Ivory Edition on Friday February 23rd also at Manchester Golf Club. It features Simple Touch Sound with DJ Ashile (of RIE FM), DJ Rope Head and DJ Marlon. Sunday February 25th features our flagship event, Poetry in Motion which shall be preceded by a celebratory 9 Hole Golf Tournament beginning at 9 am. This special tournament is a friendly Shotgun Start and a Two Man Best Ball. We will also be having a football tournament.

The PiM 9 Hole Golf Tournament is a charitable venture and all the proceeds shall be presented to Mr Foster in honour of his 50th Year of service at the Manchester Golf Club. This gesture is fitting this long-serving, loyal and dedicated bartender at the Manchester Club. For bookings your spot in the tournament contact Manchester Golf Club Tel 962-2403.

Poetry in Motion which is the brain child of Yasus Afari, celebrates Music, Dance, Comedy, Story Telling, Fashion and Poetry. It is a charitable community festival with a national and international appeal. PiM has sustained it's reputation of providing the very best in poetry and the entire spectrum of the cultural and performing arts, presenting Clean Intelligent Fun for the Entire Family and Community. PiM 2018 is in support of 'Friends in Need' which is a worthy Mandeville based
 charity that takes care of street people, thereby advocating our ideals of social-responsibility. 

This very important national calendar event is the pride and joy of Mandeville, Central Jamaica and the poetry fraternity as it has helped to nurture, promote and thus ensure the growth of Jamaican Poetree. 

Poetry in Motion 2018 features Mutabaruk a, Ka'Bu Ma'at Kheru, Addis Pablo, Dr Michael Abrahams, Prof Clinton Hutton, Asante Amen,  Mark Stephenson,Dr Charmaine Gooden-Monteith, Ann-Marie Wilmot, Kevin O'Brien Chang, Anord Sichinsambwe, Ashley Little and Yasus Afari, among others.

As we chronicle our 15th Anniversary Special we invite the entire Jamaica Family to celebrate with us in a yearlong celebration of Poetry with related events, cultural activities, prizes and surprises. To colour mark the mile stone our 15th Anniversary Colours are Ivory and Ruby Red.

Thanks for your love and support as we look forward a most successful and inspirational staging of our 15th Anniversary of Poetry in Motion Jamaica's Premiere Poetry Festival and our national Feast of the Literary, Cultural and Performing Arts.

With Honour, Love and Poetree,
PiM 2018 - 15th Anniversary 
398 8616

Pray, by Preparing for What You Pray!

1Earth,1Love,1Humanity - Honour, Love & Prosperity

Sunday, January 14, 2018

Brown Girls Billionaire Gang & KMK Productions & THE SANKOFA Friday 1-26-2018 @ 7pm FREE

Join us Friday 1/26/18 @ 7pm @ Montego Island Grille in Virginia Beach for THE SANKOFA ! Special guests Ashlan Rae of Brown Girls Billionaire Gang,

Kimberly Wimbish of KMK Productions !

Bring your business cards, be ready for the Pitch Contest, enjoy great food, network with the 200+ Men, members of BlackBrand, hang with Jazmine Smith, Bert Bergan, Cynthia Blackwell, network with US, and enjoy DJ Seko VArner keeping the Vibes going, FREE this month !

Saturday, January 13, 2018

Black-Majority Nations Outside of Africa (Excerpt from FutureNomics) - The Conscious Rasta

(Photo: American Spoken Word Artist and Social & Cultural Revolutionary Queen Sheeba sporting attire that strongly affirms that she is a BLACK person, or a person of African descent.)

Let's build a tremendous future together. Here is an excerpt from Chapter 2 of FUTURENOMICS: The Grass is Greener on Both Sides of the Border:

Black-Majority Nations Outside of Africa

There are today more than 70 Black-majority nations in the world, more than 20 of these groupings outside of Africa. This number looms even larger as we consider that many Pacific Islander nations are majority-populated by Melanesians and Papuans, both of whom are of predominantly African genetic heritage, their genetic roots being mixed with Asian and European voyagers in recent centuries. Culturally, many Pacific Islanders have retained significant resemblance to root African social patterns. 

(photo: Native Hawaiians who were instrumental in popularizing the sport of surfing.

Twenty western hemisphere nations, several of them territorial protectorates of the U.K, U.S. and Netherlands, have Black-majority populations ranging from as high as Haiti's 95% to a majority Black/mixed Brazil with 50.7%. Toward our aim of creating robust transnational relationships with national populations whose cultural heritage most closely matches our own, creating deeper economic ties with these nations would be a bold and productive strategic move.

These twenty western hemispheric nations with Black-majority populations are:
• Anguilla - 85.3%
• Antigua & Barbuda - 87.3%
• Bahamas - 90.6%
• Barbados - 92.4%
• Bermuda - 53.8%
• Brazil - 50.7% Mulatto (mixed black/white) and Black
• British Virgin Islands - 76.3%
• Cayman Islands - 60% (includes creole mixed)
• Curacao – “Afro-Caribbean majority”
• Dominica - 86.6%
• Grenada - 82.4%
• Haiti - 95%
• Jamaica - 92.1%
• Montserrat - 88.4%
• St. Kitts & Nevis - 92.7%
• Saint Lucia - 85.3%
• Saint Marten - Majority Creole (mixed black/white) and Black
• Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - 66%
• Turks and Caicos Islands - 87.6%
• Virgin Islands (US) - 76%

On the African continent there are five countries identified as Arab Maghreb (Includes Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Tunisia), four of which are of “Berber” majority populations; considered a mix of predominantly Arabs, Blacks and Mediterranean. Of these Maghreb nations only one, Mauritania has a 70% black majority. Egypt, which is not listed as a Maghreb partner, has a dominant population that does not consider themselves “black Africans,” referring to themselves simply as “Egyptian.” The genetic mix of modern Egypt includes an ancient blend of Arab, Mediterranean, Black African and western Asia.

There is a large population dispersed across the Pacific Ocean region inhabiting regions of island groupings called Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia. From visual as well as genetic evidence of their ethnicity, we can determine that a number of these Pacific Islanders are essentially African with ancient origins dating back 50,000 years and quite likely much earlier. 

Learn more at

Friday, January 12, 2018

Advanced showing of Marvel's BLACK PANTHER movie on Thursday 2/15/18 in Norfolk Virginia #BlackPanther #TheBlackPantherMovie 
It’s not just a superhero it’s a Melanated Superhero.

Black Panther, the latest release by Marvel is coming to the big screen and you get to be a part of history.

Black Panther is the SECOND Melinated Marvel superhero to hit the big screen in their OWN movie and what’s more is this powerhouse film is directed by a brother, Ryan Coogler.

Make sure that you are at the special premier and screening and be a part as he jumps from the pages of comic books to the Silver Screen and make the world take notice!

Come dressed normally, in Cosplay, or in your favorite Cultural clothing.

After-party to follow at the American Legion Hall next door.

You are going to love it!

Portion of the proceeds to benefit:

• Black Brand (Hampton Roads Black Business Chamber of Commerce)

• Urban League of Hampton Roads Young Professionals

Date: Thursday February 15

Place: Cinemark Theaters,
Military Circle Mall
880 Military Hwy.
Norfolk VA

Time: 6:00P
***Tickets can be purchased in advance via Eventbrite.***
***Tickets are also available in the Military Circle Mall Toy Store & African Arts Store !!!

Monday, January 8, 2018

#TheSankofa - Keeping OUR WOKE Dollars in OUR Community ! #WokeFolk757

THE SANKOFA is where WE hang with each other & network with OUR businesses !

Peace Conscious Community,
    Do you believe in doing business with ourselves as much as is appropriate ? If you do then come and hangout with us WOKE-FOLK for FREE on 1/26/18 from 7pm - 9pm @ Montegos Island Grill in Virginia Beach (829 Lynnhaven Parkway across from Lynnhaven Mall). Hang with THE SANKOFA Team, members of the 200+ Men, and members of BLACKbrand.

     FREE limited Food, link-up with other WOKE FOLK and you'll meet those of us who can provide products and services to you and yours. Food and Drink specials from Montegos. If you are also into business, come and bring your business cards!!!! Afterwards party with #DjSekoVarner until Midnight.


For info' contact:
Seko "DJ Seko" Varner

757-228-9476 - WebsiteView in Browser →
The Business Curator
Header Shadow
Hi there ,
I was thinking, you have an amazing service but not enough of the right people know you exist!!!  How do we change that???  Networking is probably one of the best ways to get to the money.  RSVP and join me on January 26.

Stats:  Last month's event generated approx. $500 worth of value for the attendees.

"There are no shortages of money—it’s everywhere. Just visit a casino in Vegas. Take a look at the tables, the venues, the bars, the entertainment. All you have to do is figure out how to collect it for yourself." - GC
“Video marketing is, without a doubt, one of the biggest reasons I’ve been able to create a multiple six-figure business online.” – Katie Freiling

Video Promo OfferTrim

Bert Bergan Bert Bergan 

757-228-9476 (m)

Saturday, January 6, 2018

( #Moors & #WhiteGold ) When #Blacks enslaved #Whites - The Story of Thomas Pellow and One Million White Slaves

Whites slaves tell their own story in their own words about how they were shanghaied and taken back to North Africa as slaves. Over 2 million whites are reported to have been taken as slaves after being shanghaied by Moors known as Barbary Coast pirates or Riff Pirates or Barbary Corsairs.

Descendants of white slaves in Mauritania

has been purposely kept from you. We will discuss the over two million white people who were taken back to various parts of North Africa as slaves to their Muslim black Moorish, Arab masters. The majority were captured by Barbary pirates also known as Barbary Corsairs and Riff pirates. We also discuss a famous statue called "The Four Moors" which depicts King Ferdinand de' Medecini standing over four shackled 'Moors" (black of course) in celebration over his eventual victory over the black corsairs who'd terrorized the coastal areas on their pirate raids. It's a historical fact that over 2000 ships were captured and shanghaied and the white passengers were taken to Morocco and other parts of North Africa as slaves.

The flag of Sardinia, called the flag of the Four Moors or simply the Four Moors (ItalianI quattro moriSardinianSos bator moros in Logudorese or Is cuatru morus in Campidanese), is the official flag of the autonomous region of SardiniaItaly, and the historical flag and coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sardinia, described as a "white field with a red cross and a bandaged Moor's head facing away from the left (the edge close to the mast) in each quarter" (Regional Law 15 April 1999, n. 10, Article 1.)[1]
The flag is composed of the St George's Cross and four heads of Moors, which in the past were not forehead bandaged but blindfolded and turned towards the left. The most accepted hypothesis is that the heads represented the heads of Moorish princes defeated by the Aragonese, as for the first time they appeared in the 13th century seals of the Crown of Aragon – although with a beard and no bandage, contrary to the Moors of the Sardinian flag, which appeared for the first time in a manuscript of the second half of the 14th century.

"From the sixteenth to nineteenth century, the Muslim Barbary Pirates captured over a million Europeans at sea and through raiding parties along the Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines. The victims were then transported back to North Africa, where they were sold as slaves or sent further east into the Ottoman Empire’s heartland." 

"Attractive European women were sent to the sultan's harem, and the strongest men to breeding farms to mate with black Senegalese slaves, Ismail believing that mulattos made the most trustworthy workers. One Frenchman was locked up, naked, for six days with a bottle of brandy and four women, a eunuch keeping watch; whenever sexual activity flagged, he ordered a drum serenade." - Giles Milton

One October evening in 1738, the population of Penryn abandoned their village to welcome home a man with a great long beard and sun-blackened face. Not even his parents recognised Thomas Pellow, who had been seized by Barbary corsairs when he was 11 and taken to Morocco, where he spent 23 years as a slave of Mulay Ismail, a sultan of story-book depravity.
Pellow's adventures, ghosted by a local hack in 1740, are the catalyst for Giles Milton's rattling account of the forgotten white slaves of North Africa: an estimated one million Europeans and Americans captured between 1550 and 1816 when Algiers, the hub of this traffic, was bombarded into submission by a relative of Pellow.
Go to the Rif or the Atlas and you will find grey-eyed men and women, the descendants of 400 Icelanders abducted by pirates sailing from another slave capital, the Moroccan port of Salé. In their swift xebecs, the "Sallee Rovers" kidnapped thousands of English, mainly from the West Country. Between 1609 and 1625, they took 466 English ships, raised the Islamic flag on Lundy and, in one spectacular raid, dragged 60 men, women and children from St Michael's Mount.
The corsairs were like English football supporters: "ugly onhumayne creatures" wrote one survivor, who "with their heads shaved and their armes almost naked did terrifye me exceedingly".
Attractive European women were sent to the sultan's harem, and the strongest men to breeding farms to mate with black Senegalese slaves, Ismail believing that mulattos made the most trustworthy workers. One Frenchman was locked up, naked, for six days with a bottle of brandy and four women, a eunuch keeping watch; whenever sexual activity flagged, he ordered a drum serenade.

The Monument of the Four Moors (ItalianMonumento dei Quattro mori) is located in Livorno, Italy. It was completed in 1626 to commemorate the victories of Ferdinand I of Tuscany over the Ottomans.[1]
It is the most famous monument of Livorno and is located in Piazza Micheli.[2] Created by Pietro Tacca, the monument took its name from the four bronze statues of "Moorish" slaves that are found at the base of an earlier work consisting of the statue of Ferdinando I and its monumental pedestal.[2]

In 1617, Cosimo II contracted sculptor Pietro Tacca to create the monument to commemorate his father, Ferdinando I. The completed monument was installed in Livorno in 1626.[1] It features four bronze statues of enslaved prisoners chained at the base of a statue of Ferdinando I which had been commissioned at an earlier date.[1] The physical characteristics of three of the statues represent people of the southern Mediterranean coast while the fourth statue has characteristics of a black African.[1]
Although the four chained prisoners are meant to represent the victories of Ferdinando I over the Ottomans, there may also be a different interpretation due to the presence of the statue with the black African characteristics; Ferdinando II, grandson of Ferdinando I, completed the monument and he may also have been involved in slave trade activities in West Africa in the 1660s, in cooperation with the Genoans.[1]
The four Moors symbolise the four corners of the world.[3] Tacca's design of the Moors monument is assumed to have been influenced by three columns in the shape of African men supporting a balcony in Via Carriona in Carrara. The three sculptures are depicted as suffering from the weight they bear supporting the iron structure.[3]
The monument of the four Moors influenced sculptural design for several decades. A fountain in Marino features four statues of similarly chained prisoners, two of whom possess black African characteristics. The structure was constructed between 1632–1642 to commemorate Marcantonio Colonna's participation in the battle of Lepanto in 1571 which led to the defeat of the Ottomans.[1]
The monument of the four Moors also influenced Bernini's creation of the Fountain of the Four Rivers (Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi). Bernini may have also been influenced by the Marino monument in his design of the Fountain.[1]
The ostentatious design of the tomb of Doge Giovanni Pesaro, which was built in 1669 in Venice, and is found in Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari close to the Pesaro Altarpiece, was perhaps strongly influenced by Tacca's monument of the four Moors.[4]

Friday, January 5, 2018

Black origins of Santa Claus. The modern character Santa Claus is based on a Blackamoor saint. #SantaClaus #BlackSanta

Now that we can think straight after all of that holiday & holy day spending........

The original St. Nick was a brother, a Moor, a Melanoid....a person of African descent........
Unwrapping the Myths & Origins Surrounding Santa Claus

That jolly old elf gracing the masthead of books, magazines, cards, toys, advertisement media in Western culture looks nothing like the historical Saint Nicholas, the bishop of Myra whose life first gave impetus to the myth we have today. 

We know very little about Bishop Nicholas, other that he was possibly a East African Ethiopian Coptic Christian Bishop in the Orthodox Coptic Christian Church in Turkey, according to church tradition, Nicholas traveled extensively in the regions of Myra (present-day Turkey). Regions also of Ethiopia, Egypt, Greece, and Syria. Also he traveled into other parts of Northeastern Africa, under the rule of Christian Rome. Save for the church myths and legends that grew up after his death in 350 CE. We're not even sure if there was a real 
St. Nicholas. However, paintings of Saint Nicholas demonstrate his dark hue, curly afro'ed hairstyle, and negro features. The History Channel's Christmas expose on the origins of Christmas named "Unwrapping Christmas" showed pictures of this Black-looking Saint Nicholas.

In the book The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets (Harper San Francisco, 1983) that Bishop Nicholas was a Christianized fiction who replaced the pagan gods Artemis and Poseidon. Given the stories told about him by the early Church, this might very well be the case. Nicholas was said to have calmed violent storms, cured diseases, and resurrected the dead.

Bishop Nicholas earned a reputation for being extraordinarily kind to 
children. Other myths and legends told the story of how he gave an 
impoverished father gold coins to prevent him from selling his three 
young daughters into, slavery. Various versions of the legend suggest 
that Bishop Nicholas tossed the coins into an open window while 
another variation says that he threw them down the chimney to 
preserve his anonymity.

Imprisoned as a martyr sometime during Emperor Diocletian's rule, he 
was later released when Emperor Constantine instituted the new 
paradigm of tolerance toward Christians. Bishop Nicholas assigned by 
Constantine, was one of the first African Christian Bishops, who 
participated in the Council of Nicaea (325 CE) and helped to craft 
the creed that confessed the mythical historical Jesus as a divine 
god. Little did Nicholas realize at the time that he was himself to 
become immortal alongside Jesus as well.

An anonymous 11th century medieval manuscript The Translation of 
Saint Nicholas, tells a tale of legend how the church in Bari, Italy 
decided to send a ship to Myra to exhume the relics and bones of 
Saint Nicholas for re-deposition in their city. After meeting initial 
fierce resistance from Coptic guardian monks, one of the monks tells 
the others that he experienced a vision from the Saint in which the 
Saint assents to the relocation. 

After the tale, the monks allowed the sailors to take the Saint's 
remains. Thus, the remains of Nicholas (or probably some unknown 
crusader) were brought back from Myra in 1087 and installed in the 
church at Bari. 

The story also tells of the epiphany of a sea gull whose appearance 
from heaven blessed the ship carrying the Saint's remains, thus 
signifying divine approval of the enterprise. Once interned at Bari, 
and after several visions, appearances, and healings among the 
people, Saint Nicholas become known as the protector of children and 
widows. What this fanciful tale omits, however, is that Nicholas's 
cult replaced an older goddess cult in Bari after Befana (Pasqua 
Epiphany) or "The Grandmother." described as "a female baboon-giving 
deity"(symbology created in Egyptian religion), that "used to fill 
the children's stockings with her gifts." The cult that spread 
rapidly around Nicholas/Befana culminated in a pageant on December 
6th of every year. Drawing upon the stories of his kindness to 
children and the giving of gold coins, followers gave each other 
gifts in honor of the Saint.

The Church eventually moved the pageant of Saint Nicholas to the winter solstice (the final day of the ancient Roman Saturnalia festival, now December 25th) to merge it with the celebration of Christ's birth. Before it became attached to Christ's birth, December 25th was the Mithraic winter-solstice festival called Dies Natalis Solis Invictus, Birthday of the Unconquered Sun. 

Mithras was known as the Light of the World, Sun of Righteousness, 
and Savior. The divine child (symbology the Sun disk, ancient 
Egyptian religion, sun rising "Heru") was celebrated on the winter 
solstice, the darkest days of winter where the sun's rebirth (rising 
sun in the East - resurrection) would lead to longer days and spring.

Nicholas's cult was gradually combined with German and Celtic pagan 
Yule rites to produce a Christianized "Father Christmas," a somber 
figure closer to the twinkling elf we know today. Father Christmas 
was traditionally old, bearded, wore a thick coat of furs, and rode a 
white horse. Pagan celebrants lighted candles in trees and decorated 
their homes with ivy, pine, and holly. Mummer's danced and small 
troupes traveled from house to house singing (traditional tribal 
songs) carols. 

The Yule ritual of dragging a log (Christmas Tree) through the 
streets by domesticated reindeer represented the phallus (penis), and 
invokes fertility magic associated with the cult of Frey. When pagans 
were Christianized by the Church, Frey would be changed to Kris 
Kringle, ("Christ of the Orb"), i.e., the reborn divine child of 
earlier Mithras cult.

Americans will come to see Father Christmas as riding a reindeer, 
which magically flies. In the nineteenth-century, Saint Nicholas 
rides a sleigh pulled by a team of reindeers. Now Santa Claus, that 
jolly old man with a pipe, is now transformed and immortal. He lives 
at the North Pole among elves and continues to respond to greedy 
little urchins all over the world on Christmas Eve.

To this day Saint Nicholas's cult competes alongside Christ on the same holiday in a strange mixture of commercialization, paganism, excess and holy reverence. This has led some Christians in recent years to proclaim the slogan; "Jesus is the reason for the season." 

However, the prior enduring history of Santa Claus, Mithras, Yule, 
and The Grandmother, Unconquered Sun Mithraic winter-solstice 
festival, prove that this slogan is quite incorrect. Jesus has been 
clumsily papered on top of deeper rituals and the fact that these 
rituals cannot be contained and often overshadows the Christians 
reveal the tremendous power that these older myths still possess.

Web Posted 1997
By Azikewe' Kamarif
This is a centuries old painting of Saint Nicholas in a museum in Italy. The modern character Santa Claus is based on this Blackamoor saint. Learn more about St. Nicolas from the Hidden Colors film series.
Carricutures of St. Nicholas:

2. http://www.domestic- 

Saint Nick was the Bishop of Myra in Lycia; died 6 December, 345 or 352. Though he is  one of the most popular saints in the Greek as well as the Latin  Church, there is scarcely anything historically certain about him  except that he was Bishop of Myra in the fourth century. 

Some of the main points in his legend are as follows: He was born at  Parara, a city of Lycia in Asia Minor; in his youth he made a pilgrimage to Egypt and Palestine; shortly after his return he became Bishop of Myra; cast into prison during the persecution of Diocletian, he was released after the accession of Constantine, and was present at the Council of Nicaea. In 1087 Italian merchants stole his body at Myra, bringing it to Bari in Italy. 

The numerous miracles St. Nicholas is said to have wrought, both 
before and after his death, are outgrowths of a long tradition. There 
is reason to doubt his presence at Nicaea, since his name is not 
mentioned in any of the old lists of bishops that attended this 
council. His cult in the Greek Church is old and especially popular 
in Russia. As early as the sixth century Emperor Justinian I built a 
church in his honour at Constantinople, and his name occurs in the 
liturgy ascribed to St. Chrysostom. In Italy his cult seems to have 
begun with the translation of his relics to Bari, but in Germany it 
began already under Otto II, probably because his wife Theophano was 
a Grecian. Bishop Reginald of Eichstaedt (d. 991) is known to have 
written a metric, "Vita S. Nicholai." The course of centuries has not 
lessened his popularity. The following places honour him as patron: 
Greece, Russia, the Kingdom of Naples, Sicily, Lorraine, the Diocese 
of Liège; many cities in Italy, Germany, Austria, and Belgium; Campen 
in the Netherlands; Corfu in Greece; Freiburg in Switzerland; and 
Moscow in Russia. He is patron of mariners, merchants, bakers, 
travellers, children, etc. His representations in art are as various 
as his alleged miracles. In Germany, Switzerland, and the 
Netherlands, they have the custom of making him the secret purveyor 
of gifts to children on 6 December, the day on which the Church 
celebrates his feast; in the United States and some other countries 
St. Nicholas has become identified with Santa Claus who distributes 
gifts to children on Christmas eve. His relics are still preserved in 
the church of San Nicola in Bari; up to the present day an oily 
substance, known as Manna di S. Nicola, which is highly valued for 
its medicinal powers, is said to flow from them.